Picasso's work of 1932, which sold for $ 106.5 million at Christie's in New York last year, has been provided on loan to the Tate gallery by its owner, an anonymous private collector, and will be displayed in a new room dedicated to Picasso in the Poetry and Dream section. The painting is oil on canvas and measures 162 cm × 130 cm.
"Nude, green leaves and bust" is part of a series of paintings that Picasso made of his mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter. The paintings were done by the artist at Boisgeloup, Normandy, in the beginning of 1932. According to Nicholas Serta, director the Tate Modern "these paintings are considered his greatest achievements of the interwar period," reports The Guardian.
Picasso met Marie-Thérèse in 1927 at the Paris Metro and they became lovers, but kept their relationship secret because the artist was married to Olga Khokhlova. Other paintings of Marie-Thérèse Walter done by Picasso in 1932 are La Lecture (Reading), Le Rêve (The Dream) and Nu au Fauteuil Noir (Nude in a Black Armchair).
Frances Brody died in November 2009. On May 4, 2010, the painting was sold at Christies in New York City. Christie's won the rights to auction the collection against London-based Sotheby's. The collection as a whole was valued at over US$150 million, while the work was originally expected to earn $80 million at auction.
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The most expensive work of art sold at a public auction remains Van Gogh's Portrait of Dr. Gachet, which was bought in May 1990 for $82.5 million (approx. $138.4 million in CPI-adjusted 2010 US dollars), while Jackson Pollock's No. 5, 1948, which was privately sold for $140 million in 2006 (approx. $151 million in 2010 dollars), remains the most expensive work of art sold overall.
THE HIDDEN MESSAGE
Look carefully, and here you can just see the black outline of Picasso's own nose and lips, partly hiding behind a blue veil. This signifies the secrecy of his illicit relationship with his muse.
2. Double or bust
Above the reclining figure of Marie-Therese is a depiction of her own bust on a classical pedestal, a sign of Picasso's high esteem for her.
He had made a sculpture bust of her the previous year, and according to Conor Jordan, the head of Modern Art in Christie's, New York, there is an element of self-congratulation in its inclusion in the painting - as if Picasso were pointing out his own virtuosity.
The paint on the bust in the picture is ladled on with a palette knife, making it seem like a three-dimensional statue, in contrast to the smoothness of Marie-Therese's body.
3. Lover's leaves
These large green leaves depict a philodendron, a common creeping houseplant whose name means 'love tree'.
Picasso owned his own philodendron which he kept in the bathroom and grew so astonishingly quickly that he once said that it almost took over his life.
By including it here, he is perhaps making a reference to his all-consuming obsession with Marie-Therese.
4. A dark obsession
The two shadows cast over Marie-Therese's naked body are a mystery even to art experts. Some believe they may indicate the erotic submission of Picasso's mistress - but others believe that the one around her throat could be a reference to a celebrated Matisse picture, which Picasso owned and depicted a young girl wearing a black choker.
5. Forbidden fruit
By his mistress's elbow, Picasso has painted a plate of apples, a symbol since Biblical times of sexual temptation.
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